Monaco is a sovereign city-state and micro state on the French Riviera, off the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by France to the north, east and west.

Capital City:

Monaco City



Total population:

39.2k (2020)

Language(s) spoken:


Cultural dos:

Carry your ID with you at all times to avoid any potential problems with casinos, restaurants and bars

Cultural don’ts

Unless you enjoy Formula 1, don’t visit during Grand Prix weekend as most roads are closed off for the race



Three foods you need to try in this country:

  • Barbagiuan (a deep fried pastry that is filled with cheese, spinach or pumpkin) 
  • Bouillabaisse (fish stew)
  • Gnocchi (potato puffs)


  • Socca (chickpea flour pancake)
  • Ice Tropez (cocktail containing rose wine, peach flavour and carbonated water)

What the country is known for:

  • Prince’s Palace of Monaco
  • Monte Carlo Casino
  • Saint Nicholas Cathedral
  • Exotic Garden of Monaco
  • Larvotto Beach
  • Opera de Monte Carlo
  • Monaco Grand Prix

More About Monaco

I took a train to visit Monaco for the day, while I was exploring the French Riviera in 2017. Monaco is the second smallest country in the world. Located east of France and on the Italian border, it is only natural that the country’s roots stem from both countries. Although French is the main language spoken, it is important to remember that Monaco is not in France and is in fact its own country, confusing the two might offend the locals. 

The country attracts a lot of wealthy visitors from all over Europe. You may recall scenes from the Monte Carlo Casino from a number of the James Bond movies. If you wish to visit a casino, please don’t invite them. I’m not much of a gambler, but it was striking to me that all the casinos are strictly for tourists and international guests. Monegasques (people from Monaco) are not allowed to enter or gamble. You can only enter a casino if you work there; otherwise everyone else is strictly forbidden by law. This is a rule that I have since seen in many other places, albeit exercised slightly differently, such as Singapore and China. 

The city attracts a lot of high net worth visitors and residents, which explains the number of interesting and extravagant yachts on the Marina. In addition, one can find a number of luxury fashion brands, including some independent boutiques within the shopping street. The average nightly stay in the local hotels is about $210 per night. Every year, it also receives a number of visitors who come to watch the Monaco Grand Prix.

The city state is quite hilly, in parts, and therefore has some gorgeous views of colourful houses that look like part of an contemporary painting from certain view points. Monaco is beautiful and creative which makes for various ‘instagram worthy’ locations. They have some really lovely beaches where one can enjoy a lovely picnic or relax and enjoy the warm water of the Mediterranean. To gain a bit more understanding of the history of Monaco, a visit to New National Museum of Monaco – Villa Paloma is definitely worth a visit. There are also other really interesting museums in the city state. 

English French
Hello Salut
Goodbye Au revoir
Please S’il vous plait
Thank you Merci
How much? Combien?
Do you speak English? Parlez vous anglais?
Where is the toilet? Ou est les toilettes?
May I please have some water? Puis-je avoir de l’eau s’il vous plait?
I would like some food please Je voudrais de la nourriture s’il vous plait
Where can I get a taxi? Ou puis-je trouver un taxi?

Places visited

Destination Gallery


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